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Rudolphine Tables world map. Tables' (Tabulae Rudolphinae, 1627) by German astronomer Johannes Kepler (1571-1630). Using observations by Danish astronomer Tycho Brahe (1546-1601), these tables were the most accurate of the time, taking Kepler 26 years to complete. German cartographer Philippus Eckebrecht produced this world map with the meridian centred on the island of Hven where Tycho made his observations. Named for Holy Roman Emperor Rudolf II, the double-headed imperial eagle is at top. Although dated 1630, the dedication is to Emperor Leopold I (reigned from 1658).
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