JESSICA WILSON / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY JESSICA WILSON / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Carl Linnaeus (1707-1778), Swedish botanist, physician, and zoologist. Montage of images relating to the life and work of Linnaeus, a great classifier of living organisms who laid the foundations for the modern scheme of binomial nomenclature. In 1735 he published 'Systema Naturae' (The Natural World), in which he divided flowering plants into classes ordered according to the structure of their sexual organs. In 1749 he introduced the binomial nomenclature by which each plant was given a Latin generic noun followed by a specific adjective. He is known as the father of modern taxonomy, and is also considered one of the fathers of modern ecology.
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