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Maidenhair spleenwort. Italian illustration of the maidenhair spleenwort fern (Asplenium trichomanes), by Gherardo Cibo, 1568. Maidenhair spleenwort is a medicinal plant used as an expectorant, a laxative, in the treatment of chest complaints, and to promote menstruation. This plate is taken from Discorsi on Dioscorides' De Materia Medica by Pietro Andrea Mattioli, a work of herbal medicine first published in Italy in 1554.
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