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Plantain. Italian illustration of a broadleaf or greater plantain (Plantago major), by Gherardo Cibo, 1568. Plantains have been used medicinally for their astringent, anti-toxic, antimicrobial, and anti-inflammatory properties. This plate is taken from Discorsi on Dioscorides' De Materia Medica by Pietro Andrea Mattioli, a work of herbal medicine first published in Italy in 1554. Pietro Andrea Mattioli (1501-1577) was an Italian doctor and naturalist who wrote commentaries on De Materia Medica , an encyclopaedia of herbal medicine by the first century Greek physician and botanist Dioscorides.
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