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Betony. Italian illustration of betony (Stachys sp.), by Gherardo Cibo, 1568. A blue butterfly flies above the scene. Also known as hedgenettle, heal-all, self-heal, woundwort, and lamb's ears, plants of this genus have been used traditionally to treat wounds. This plate is taken from Discorsi on Dioscorides' De Materia Medica by Pietro Andrea Mattioli, a work of herbal medicine first published in Italy in 1554. Pietro Andrea Mattioli (1501-1577) was an Italian doctor and naturalist who wrote commentaries on De Materia Medica , an encyclopaedia of herbal medicine by the first century Greek physician and botanist Dioscorides.
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