LIBRARY OF CONGRESS, GEOGRAPHY AND MAP DIVISION / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY LIBRARY OF CONGRESS, GEOGRAPHY AND MAP DIVISION / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Map of the languages of Africa, prepared by German geographer Ernst Georg Ravenstein (1834-1913) for 'Modern Languages of Africa' (1883) by British linguist Robert Needham Cust (1821-1909). The language groups (colour key at bottom left) are: Semitic (pink), Hamitic (yellow, modern Berber, Egyptian, and Cushitic), Nuba-Falah (orange), Negro (brown, western Africa), Bantu (green) and Hottentot-Bushman (brown, southern Africa, modern Khoi-San). The area covered by the terms Nuba-Falah, Negro and Bantu falls mostly under what is now called the Niger-Congo languages, of which the Bantu languages remain a major subdivision.
Model release not required. Property release not required.