SPUTNIK / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY SPUTNIK / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
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Nikolay Gamaleya, Ukrainian microbiologist (1859-1949). Gamaleya was born in Odessa. He worked in Louis Pasteur's laboratory in France in 1886. He returned to Odessa to research rabies vaccines, cattle plague, and cholera, analysing sputum for tuberculosis, and preparing anthrax vaccines. He discovered the bacteria-destroying antibodies known as bacteriolysins, pointed to the louse as carrier of typhus, and contributed to the eradication of smallpox through vaccination.
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