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A Crampton locomotive is a type of steam locomotive built by various firms from 1846. Notable features were a low boiler and large driving wheels. The crux of the Crampton patent was that the single driving axle was placed behind the firebox, so that the driving wheels could be very large. This helped to give this design a low centre of gravity, so it did not require a broad-gauge track to travel safely at high speeds (wheel arrangement was 4-2-0 or 6-2-0). A steam locomotive is a railway locomotive that produces its pulling power through a steam engine, fuelled by burning combustible material to produce steam in a boiler. The steam moves reciprocating pistons which are mechanically connected to the locomotive's main wheels. Both fuel and water supplies are carried with the locomotive, either on the locomotive itself or in wagons pulled behind. Thomas Russell Crampton (August 6, 1816 - April 19, 1888) was an English engineer.
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