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Theory of criminal types. German criminals, demonstrating the theory of criminal types. Numbers 1-7 (centre left) are murderers. Numbers 8-25 (lower right) are burglars (14a and 14b illustrating a false nose). Numbers 26-38 (upper right) are purse cutters. Numbers 39-44 (top left) are shoplifters. The final groups (upper left and lower left) are forgers and swindlers. Across bottom are six bankrupts. This illustration is from 'L'Homme Criminel', a French edition of 'L'Uomo Delinquente' (1876) by Italian criminologist and physician Cesare Lombroso (1835-1909). Considered the father of criminology, his now-discredited theory was that criminality was inherited and that criminals could be identified by physical traits.
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