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Criminal tattoos. Such tattoos were often assigned specific meanings by criminologists. The tattoo at lower left (hands entwined around a pansy flower) was interpreted by Alexandre Lacassagne (an expert on criminal tattoos) as a reference to pederasty. Other entwined hands tattoos are at top. The tattoos at lower right and at centre left are references to masturbation. This illustration is from 'L'Homme Criminel', a French edition of 'L'Uomo Delinquente' (1876) by Italian criminologist and physician Cesare Lombroso (1835-1909), considered the father of criminology.
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