US NATIONAL ARCHIVES / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY US NATIONAL ARCHIVES / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
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Atomic bomb survivors, Nagasaki, Japan. Footage of a family walking in the ruins of in Nagasaki, Japan, surrounded by the destruction caused by the atomic bomb dropped by a US bomber on 9 August 1945 during World War II. The family are in the Urakami district near the Engineering School, at an area around 520 metres from ground zero. The final part of the clip shows the ruins of the Catholic Kindergarten building (around 610 metres from ground zero). The atomic explosion, equivalent to 21,000 tons of TNT, destroyed an area several kilometres across, killing an estimated 75,000 people. This was the second atomic bomb used in warfare, following the atomic bomb over Hiroshima three days earlier. Over 220,000 people died in both cities, and tens of thousands were injured. Japan surrendered a few days later.
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