CDC, BRIAN W.J. MAHY / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY CDC, BRIAN W.J. MAHY / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Nipah virus infection. Light micrograph of a Nipah virus infection and the formation of a vascular syncytial cell (giant multinucleated endothelial cell, centre). Nipah virus is zoonotic (transmitted to humans from animals). It has been associated with encephalitis (inflammation of the brain), and is also characterized by fever and drowsiness and more serious central nervous system disease, such as coma, seizures, and inability to maintain breathing. It was first described in Malaysia and Singapore in pig farmers. The virus is also found in the wild in bats. It was isolated and identified in 1999.
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