PASCAL GOETGHELUCK / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY PASCAL GOETGHELUCK / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Islamic mummy research. Researchers using a bone saw to obtain a sample from the femur (thigh bone) of a mummy excavated at the Al-Fustat archaeological site in Cairo, Egypt. Al-Fustat was the first capital of Egypt under Arab rule. The site contains human remains dating from the time of the Fatimid dynasty, a caliphate of Shi'ite Muslims, which was founded in 909 and ruled over a North African empire until 1171. The human remains from this site are well-preserved, many having mummified naturally.
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