GUNILLA ELAM / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY GUNILLA ELAM / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Codons and protein synthesis. Artwork representing protein synthesis in a cell (translation). This process uses genetic information to direct the synthesis of proteins. RNA: long chain) carries a working copy (transcript) of the information in the relevant gene. Genes comprise a sequence of nucleotide triplets (codons), each coding for an amino acid. RNA, not shown) each carry a single amino acid and have an anticodon loop which binds to the corresponding codon. A sequence of codons is thus translated to a sequence of amino acids, which are joined to make a protein.
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