GARY BROWN / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY GARY BROWN / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Richard von Krafft-Ebing (1840-1902). Caricature of the Austro-German psychiatrist and author Richard Freiherr von Krafft-Ebing. Krafft-Ebing is best known for the foundational work Psychopathia Sexualis (Psychopathy of Sex, 1886), one of the first texts to write about sexual pathology and one of the earliest works on homosexuality. In it Krafft-Ebing concluded that most homosexuals have a mental illness caused by degenerate heredity. The book had a considerable influence on continental European forensic psychiatry in the first part of the 20th century.
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