NASA / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY NASA / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Apollo 1 Command/Service Module. The Apollo Spacecraft 012 Command/Service Module from the Apollo 1 mission being transferred for mating with the Saturn Lunar Module (LM) Adapter No.05. The Apollo 1 mission (originally Apollo/Saturn 204) resulted in disaster on January 27th 1967 when a fire broke out in the command module during a launch pad test in which all three of the primary crew died. Astronauts Virgil 'Gus' Ivan Grissom, Edward Higgins White II, and Roger Bruce Chaffee died in the accident. An investigative board was set up to identify the cause of the fire. The final report gave detailed suggestions for major design and engineering modifications, revisions to test planning, manufacturing procedures and quality control. With these adjustments, the Apollo program became safer and successfully sent astronauts to the Moon. Photographed in the Manned Spacecraft Operations Building, Merritt Island, Florida, USA, on 3rd January 1967.
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