LIBRARY OF CONGRESS, GEOGRAPHY AND MAP DIVISION / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY LIBRARY OF CONGRESS, GEOGRAPHY AND MAP DIVISION / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Waldseemuller map of Lorraine, 16th century. Produced by German cartographer Martin Waldseemuller for his patron Rene II, Duke of Lorraine, this map (first state published in 1513) is considered to be the earliest printed regional map based on systematic surveys. Orientated with North at bottom, the map proclaimed the glory and ambitions of the Duchy of Lorraine ('Lotharingia') and the adjacent Westrich Plateau region ('Vastum Regnum'). These are today parts of France and Germany. The area is drained by the Moselle and Saar rivers, descending from the Vosges Mountains (across top). At top left is Alsace, with Luxembourg at bottom right. Cities include Nancy (centre). The map is adorned with 19 coasts of arms. At top are the arms of the Domain of Westrich and the Duchy of Lorraine. Martin Waldseemueller lived and worked at 'S. deodatus' (Saint-Die-des-Vosges) at upper left.
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