LIBRARY OF CONGRESS, GEOGRAPHY AND MAP DIVISION / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY LIBRARY OF CONGRESS, GEOGRAPHY AND MAP DIVISION / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Chart of the Mediterranean Sea. Italian portolan chart of the Mediterranean Sea and its coastlines, with north at right. Features include the Black Sea, and the coasts of western and southern Europe and northern Africa. The chart includes coastal place names, several large wind roses, two scale bars, and many illustrations. The illustrations include cities, flags, and animals (including an elephant, a unicorn, an ostrich and a dragon). Portolan charts are maritime maps used for navigation. The lines on the map are rhumb lines, designed to make it easier to steer a straight course. This chart, produced in pen-and-ink and goauche by Placido Oliva (active 1575-1615), was published in the 1580s.
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