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George Stephenson (1781-1848). British engineer and pioneer of railway locomotives George Stephenson. Stephenson is best known for building the first public inter-city railway, leading him to be known as the 'Father of Railways'. In 1811, he modified a steam engine which was used for pumping water out of a mine. He built many more mine engines before completing his first steam locomotive ('Blucher') in 1814. In 1825, his 'Locomotion' provided a passenger service from Stockton to Darlington at a speed of 24 kilometres per hour.
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