SHEILA TERRY / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY SHEILA TERRY / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Marquis de Condorcet's last meal, artwork. French politician, mathematician and philosopher Marie Jean Antoine Nicolas de Caritat, Marquis de Condorcet, (1743-1794) worked on integrals and probability theory. His work won him a seat in the Academy of Sciences. He wrote five volumes of biographies on famous scientists and worked on Diderot's Encyclopedie, a summary of the science and technology of the time. He became president of the French Legislative Assembly in 1792 and implemented an educational system which formed the basis of that still in use over 200 years later. During the French Revolution he went into hiding but was discovered. He died mysteriously in prison, probably from poisoning.
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