DENNIS KUNKEL MICROSCOPY / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY DENNIS KUNKEL MICROSCOPY / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Scanning electron micrograph (SEM) of Lactobacillus buchneri, Gram-positive, non-spore forming, anaerobic or microaerophilic, rod prokaryote. This bacterium is a heterofermentative bacterium that produces lactic acid and acetic acid during fermentation. When silages are exposed to air, yeasts can degrade lactic acid, which increases the pH and leads to spoiling. L. buchneri is used as a bacterial inoculant to improve the aerobic stability of silage (grass silage, legume silage and grain silage, high moisture grains). L. buchneri is a heterolactic microbe that produces high concentrations of acetic acid, and sometimes lesser amounts of 1, 2 propanediol, propanol, and propionic acid. Both acetic acid and propionic acid are more effective at reducing the growth of yeasts and molds than is lactic acid during silage storage. Magnification: x1,400 when shortest axis printed at 25 millimetres.
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