DENNIS KUNKEL MICROSCOPY / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY DENNIS KUNKEL MICROSCOPY / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Scanning electron micrograph (SEM) of fungal hyphae and spores of the common environmental mould Cladosporium sp. Also known as Hormodendrum sp. This specimen was found on the inner surface of a building's air supply duct. This genus is the most common outdoor airborne mould but may occur in homes. It is an allergenic mould producing over 10 different types of antigens. The spores are easily made airborne and are a common cause of respiratory problems. It is frequently found at elevated levels in water-damaged environments. Cladosporium can cause mycosis and extrinsic asthma (immediate-type hypersensitivity: type I). Acute symptoms include oedema and bronchospasms, chronic cases may develop pulmonary emphysema Cladosporium spp. Magnification: x500 when shortest axis printed at 25 millimetres.
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