SHEILA TERRY / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY SHEILA TERRY / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
A Gribeauval cannon and limber drawn by four horses. When Jean-Baptiste Vaquette de Gribeauval, 1715-1789, French artillery officer and engineer became Inspector General of France in 1776, he created innovations to improve the mobility of field artillery. He completely redesigned the gun carriages and limbers and introduced the prolonge. Basically this was a thick, long rope seven to eight metres long which served a number of purposes. In use, as when firing whilst retiring, the limber was detached, moved some distance away from the gun carriage to which it was connected with the prolonge. In combat it gave the gun crews the advantage of the pulling power of the horse teams and allowed the gun carriages to be quickly and easily manoevered. It also allowed the limber and horses to be at safer distance when under fire.
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