MARTYN F. CHILLMAID / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY MARTYN F. CHILLMAID / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Clary (Salvia sclarea) is farmed for essential oil called muscatel oil or sage clary used to flavour vermouth and liqueurs as well as a fixer in the perfume industry, soaps and in herbal medicines. It is a biennial plant with attractive flowers but whose scent is somewhat unpleasant. It is cut and left to dry for a few days to intensify the scent before shredding and transporting to a steam distillery where the essential oil will be extracted. This herb of the Northern Mediterranean has been known and used at least since 4th century BCE Greece. Provence, France.
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