GARY HINCKS / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY GARY HINCKS / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Tectonic map of Asia. Computer artwork showing the direction of tectonic plate movements (yellow arrows) and collision zones (black toothed lines) in Asia. The World's landmasses are continually moving (plate tectonics). Until around 10 million years ago India (lower centre) was an island. As it collided with Asia, the force pushed up the Himalayas (white, lower centre) and squeezed parts of China (right) and Southeast Asia (lower right) eastwards. The collision probably caused reverse faults (small red arrows) which uplifted the Tien Shan mountains (white and brown, upper centre).
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