MICHAEL LONG / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY MICHAEL LONG / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Homo erectus, illustration. This reconstruction is based on the Java Man fossils, dating from 500,000 to 800,000 years ago. Homo erectus lived between 1.9 million years ago and 143,000 years ago, during the Pleistocene epoch. It is one of several extinct hominins in the evolutionary tree that led to modern humans. Fossils of Homo erectus have been found in Africa and in Eurasia in places ranging from Georgia to Armenia, India, China and Indonesia. Reconstructions of Java Man are based on hominid fossil remains, including a skull cap and complete femur (thighbone), found in 1898 during excavations lead by Eugene Dubois (1858-1940). They were found in sedimentary deposits at a bend of the Solo river in Central Java, Indonesia.
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