MICHAEL LONG / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY MICHAEL LONG / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Gomphotherium angustidens, illustration. This extinct prehistoric mammal is a proboscidean, an example of the group of animals from which elephants evolved. Gomphotherium lived from the Early Miocene to the Early Pleistocene (23 to 2.5 million years ago). It had four tusks and is thought to have had a relatively short trunk. It was a herbivore, feeding on vegetation dug up by its tusks. Its fossils have been found in Eurasia, Africa and North America. G. angustidens lived during the Miocene.
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