SHEILA TERRY / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY SHEILA TERRY / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Antoine Laurent Lavoisier (1743-1794), French chemist. Lavoisier is considered to be the founder of modern chemistry. He was instrumental in the use of accurate measurement in chemistry for the study of the composition of materials, and the study of oxidation and other combustion reactions. Lavoisier deduced that air consisted of oxygen and nitrogen. His book Methods of Chemical Nomenclature (1787) set the method of naming substances by their composition of elements, a method which is still used today.
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