SPUTNIK / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY SPUTNIK / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Otto Yulievich Schmidt (1891-1956), Soviet geophysicist and polar explorer. Schmidt is famous for his explorations of the Arctic. These included leading expeditions in 1929 and 1930 to establish the first scientific research station on Franz Josef Land. He also led the Chelyuskin steamship expedition during the winter of 1933-4. He worked on theories of the origin of the Earth and Solar System, and was editor of the Great Soviet Encyclopedia from 1924-1941. In 1937, he was made a Hero of the Soviet Union. He was also a member of the Supreme Soviet, the government of the USSR. Photographed in Russia, in 1950.
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