SPUTNIK / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY SPUTNIK / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Mikhail Vasilyevich Lomonosov (1711-1765), Russian scientist and polymath, working at his desk, historical portrait. Born in a remote fishing village, Lomonosov went to Moscow to gain his education. After studying abroad, he returned to Russia and founded the Moscow State University (now named after him). He also served as a secretary of state for Russia. He showed that Boyle's phlogiston theory was incorrect. Other work included astronomy, natural history, and the physics of heat. He was also a poet, writer and mosaic artist.
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