LAGUNA DESIGN / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY LAGUNA DESIGN / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Transcription factor and ribosomal RNA (rRNA). Molecular model showing the 6 zinc fingers of transcription factor IIIA (blue) bound to RNA (ribonucleic acid, orange and pink) from a 5s ribosome sub-unit. Transcription factors are proteins that bind to specific DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) sequences, and control the movement (transcription) of genetic information from DNA to mRNA (messenger RNA) during gene expression. Ribosomes are responsible 'reading' the RNA strand and assembling amino acids to form the protein encoded by the gene being 'read'.
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