THE GETTY / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY THE GETTY / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Chess problem. France. The manuscript collection is known as 'Bonus Socius' (Good Companion), thought to originally be by Nicholas de Saint-Nicholai, from Lombardy, Italy. The original Italian publication dates from the 13th century. This French edition is in tempera colours and gold leaf on parchment. It forms part of a treatise on chess with 210 drawings and various games. Chess in early medieval Europe had different rules to the modern game.
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