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Benjamin Rush (1746-1813), US physician and politician. Rush signed the American Declaration of Independence and was surgeon-general to Washington's army during the ensuing war. Rush worked on the theory of disease, on yellow fever, and was an enthusiast for bleeding up to 80 percent of a patient's blood as a cure. He also worked in physiology, veterinary medicine and psychology. His book 'The Diseases of the Mind' (1812) anticipated psychoanalysis. Politically, Rush campaigned for education and against both capital punishment and slavery. This illustration dates from around 1898.
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