GUNILLA ELAM / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY GUNILLA ELAM / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Menopause vaginal effects. Illustration of the effects of the menopause on the vagina, showing the vagina, uterus and ovaries before (left) and after (right) the menopause and estrogen loss. The menopause is a series of changes in hormone production that mark the end of female fertility. This illustration shows the effect of a decrease in the production of the hormone estrogen by the ovaries, leading to a woman's menstrual periods ceasing. The effects on the vagina shown here are: the lining goes from thick and moist to thin and dry; the vaginal wall becomes less elastic; less fluids are secreted during sex; and the vagina narrows and shortens. For this image with text labels, see C038/4745.
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