A. BARRINGTON BROWN, © GONVILLE & CAIUS COLLEGE / COLOURED BY SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY A. BARRINGTON BROWN, © GONVILLE & CAIUS COLLEGE / COLOURED BY SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
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The discoverers of the structure of DNA. James Watson (b. 1928) at left and Francis Crick (1916-2004), with their model of part of a DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) molecule in 1953. Crick and Watson met at the Cavendish Laboratory, Cambridge, in 1951. Their work on the structure of DNA was performed with a knowledge of Chargaff's ratios of the bases in DNA and some access to the X-ray crystallography of Maurice Wilkins and Rosalind Franklin at King's College London. Combining all of this work led to the deduction that DNA exists as a double helix. Crick, Watson and Wilkins shared the 1962 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine, Franklin having died of cancer in 1958. Photographed in the Cavendish Laboratory, University of Cambridge, UK, in May 1953.
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