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Ernest Rutherford (1871-1937), New Zealand physicist. Rutherford's early work on radioactivity at McGill University, Canada led to his 1908 Nobel Prize in Chemistry. His most famous work took place in 1909 at the University of Manchester, UK. The Geiger-Marsden experiment fired helium ions (alpha particles) at thin gold foil. The resulting scattering pattern led to the Rutherford model of the atom. From 1919 to his death, Rutherford directed the Cavendish Laboratory at the University of Cambridge, UK. He was knighted in 1914, and made Baron Rutherford of Nelson in 1931. He was buried in Westminster Abbey.
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