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John Ross (1777-1856) in the Arctic. Scottish naval officer and Arctic explorer John Ross during an Arctic expedition. In 1818 Ross was sent by the Admiralty to recommence a search for the Northwest Passage from the Atlantic to the Pacific, and to collect tide, current and magnetic information. He set off with two ships, but didn't progress further than was already known. On a second expedition he managed to get stuck in the ice for four years, but did locate the magnetic north pole. After a failed third expedition, he retired with the rank of Rear Admiral and settled in Scotland.
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