KENNETH EWARD / BIOGRAFX / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY KENNETH EWARD / BIOGRAFX / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Buckyballs containing potassium ion. Molecular graphic of two buckyball (Buckminsterfullerene, C60) molecules each containing a potassium ion coloured silver. Until the discovery of Buckminsterfullerene (C60) in 1985 carbon had been thought to exist as only two allotropes: graphite and diamond. The new allotrope, nicknamed bucky- ball, was found to consist of 60 carbon atoms (coloured gold) linked together in hexagons and pentagons to form a football-shaped sphere. Scientists have since discovered a whole family of fullerenes, whose novel physical and chemical catalysts, lubricants and superconductors.
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