COLLECTION ABECASIS / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY COLLECTION ABECASIS / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Crampton steam locomotive, 19th-century illustration. This design was built from 1846 to 1864. Notable features were a low boiler and large driving wheels. The crux of the Crampton patent was that the single driving axle was placed behind the firebox, so that the driving wheels could be very large. On its own, this type of locomotive could reach speeds of 120 kilometres per hour. With wagons, it typically travelled at half that speed (60 kilometres per hour). It is named for British engineer Thomas Russell Crampton (1816-1888). Artwork published in 1882.
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