KENNETH EWARD / BIOGRAFX / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY KENNETH EWARD / BIOGRAFX / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Benzene molecular orbitals. Computer artwork of the structure of benzene (formula: C6H6) showing the molecular orbitals. The atoms are colour coded: carbon (orange), hydrogen (white) and the orbitals are shown as purple grids. These orbitals confer great stability on the molecule as they dissociate the bonding electrons over the entire molecule. These are termed pi-orbitals and appear above and below the flat plane of the molecule. The structure is shown with alternating double and single bonds (blue) between carbon atoms. The double bonds are not localized, but are.
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