ANDREW LAMBERT PHOTOGRAPHY / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY ANDREW LAMBERT PHOTOGRAPHY / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Vanadium oxidation states. Test tubes containing solutions of dissolved vanadium (V) compounds in different oxidation states. An oxidation state is the number assigned to an element equal to the number of electrons lost when it chemically combines. Vanadium is a transition metal that has the ability to bond at various oxidation states that produce coloured solutions.
Model release not required. Property release not required.