30.2 MB (3.3 MB compressed)
2904 x 3632 pixels
24.6 x 30.7 cm ⏐ 9.7 x 12.1 in (300dpi)
METROPOLITAN MUSEUM OF ART / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY METROPOLITAN MUSEUM OF ART / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Charles V and Philip II of Spain. Cameo carved in a variety of onyx called sardonyx, showing the overlapping profiles of the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V (1500-1558), who was also Charles I of Spain, and his son who succeeded him as Philip II of Spain (15267-1598). They were members of the Habsburg dynasty that ruled in several countries in Europe. Many of the later Habsburgs had a protruding lower jaw and lip (the 'Habsburg jaw'). This condition, known as mandibular prognathism, was one of the results of many generations of inbreeding. This type of overlapping profile is known as a jugate portrait. Behind the two men is a winged thunderbolt. The carving, which dates from 1550, is by the renowned Hapsburg Italian court sculptor Leone Leoni.
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