COLLECTION ABECASIS / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY COLLECTION ABECASIS / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Truganini (1812-1876), the 'last Tasmanian woman'. Truganini, commonly known as Lalla Rookh, was a Tasmanian aboriginal woman from Bruny Island. After European settlers murdered most of her family and repeatedly sexually abused Truganini, she was moved by George Augustus Robinson, the 'Protector of Aboriginals', along with her husband Woorrady and the last 100 surviving Tasmanians to Flinders Island, Tasmania. The intention was to save them but many died from influenza (flu) and other diseases. Eventually, Truganini became an outlaw and after members of her tribe were hanged for murder, she and the last 13 remaining native Tasmanians were moved to Oyster Cove. She is often considered to be the last full-blood speaker of a Tasmanian language. However, Fanny Cochrane Smith (1834-1905) outlived Truganini by 30 years and in 1889 was officially recognised as the last full-blood Tasmanian Aboriginal.
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