JOSE ANTONIO PENAS / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY JOSE ANTONIO PENAS / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Pangea Ultima. Illustration of the position of Earth's continents around 250 million years in the future. A new supercontinent, Pangea Ultima, has formed. The landlocked sea at centre used to be the Indian Ocean. Surrounding it are what used to be Asia (upper right and centre right), South America (lower left), and Africa (upper centre). Europe is at top centre. North America is at upper left. The Atlantic Ocean no longer exists. South America is joining with South-East Asia, with Australia already joined to the mainland. The continents are slowly moved over the surface of the Earth by currents in the fluid mantle below the crust. Many continents and supercontinents have formed and broken up during the 4.5-billion-year history of the Earth.
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